The Sinagua people settled the region of what is now Arizona’s Sunset Crater Volcano southward to the State’s Verde River between the 6th and 15th centuries. Their name is a contraction of the Spanish “Sin” (without) and “Agua” (water), a reference to the arid nature of the region in which they practiced a rudimentary form of agriculture augmented by hunting and gathering.
Perhaps the most notable aspect of their history involves the cataclysmic eruption of the Sunset Crater Volcano on Read the rest of this entry »
Nestled in the Verde Valley in central Arizona, are the ruins and artifacts of Montezuma Castle, once home to the Sinagua indigenous tribe. Sinagua literally means â€œwithout waterâ€ in Spanish, and the term was applied to these people by scientist Harry S. Colton in the 1930â€™s. Naming the castle after the Aztec ruler Montezuma, remains a mystery. The dwellings were constructed centuries before the emperorâ€™s rein in the early 1500â€™s. However, there are many places in Arizona once inhabited by Pueblo people that are named after the once notorious Aztec Read the rest of this entry »
Deep in the famous red rock canyons and buttes of Sedona, Arizona, the ancient Sinagua Native Americans built cliff dwellings. Many visitors to the area are unaware of the series of ruins that lie hidden within this scenic western landscape. Most of the ruins, nestled within hollows in remote areas, are difficult to reach.
Perhaps the best known Sinagua ruin is Montezuma Castle, which is a 20-room dwelling situated in a sandstone cliff high above Beaver Creek. Part of a national monument, Read the rest of this entry »
Sinagua Native Americans relied on gathering food from plants growing on the plains, hunting wild game, and farming their own crops. They began farming in the eighth century and used subsistence agriculture which was growing just enough for themselves and their families.
This tribe gathered buckwheat, rice grass, and the grain amaranth to make flour. They also used oil from sunflower seeds, walnuts, and nuts from pine and oak trees. They picked wild fruit such as hack berries, yucca, rose, and grapes. These Native Americans also enjoyed mesquite beans and used salt from Read the rest of this entry »
The Sinagua people lived in Arizona between the 7th and 15th century. When it came to farming they were extremely inventive and creative. Whether it was grassland or on a hill they were able to create an agricultural system that worked no matter what the land or weather was like. Most of their homes were caves built in higher level cliffs so that the lower available land was used for farming.
When they were in a place Read the rest of this entry »
Sinagua Native Americans lived from about 500AD to about 1500AD. Their only history was oral, so very little of it is written down now. They were primarily farmers. Living in a desert, they knew their crops would be susceptible to flash floods. To help combat this, the Sinagua dug run-off ditches around their crops. These ditches doubled as irrigation ditches when the weather called for it.
They supplemented their crops of maize,squash and potatoes Read the rest of this entry »